c. Preparing the budget of the International Disarmament
d. Making reports to the Control Council on the progress of dis-
armament measures and of their verification, and on the installation
and operation of the verification arrangements.
8. Privileges and Immunities
The privileges and immunities which the Parties to the Treaty
would grant to the International Disarmament Organization and
its staff and to the representatives of the Parties to the International
Disarmament Organization, and the legal capacity which the Inter-
national Disarmament Organization should enjoy in the territory
of each of the Parties to the Treaty would be specified in an annex
to the Treaty.
9. Relations with the United Nations and Other International Organizations
a. The International Disarmament Organization, being established
within the framework of the United Nations, would conduct its
activities in accordance with the purposes and principles of the
United Nations. It would maintain close working arrangements
with the United Nations, and the Administrator of the International
Disarmament Organization would consult with the Secretary General
of the United Nations on matters of mutual interest.
b. The Control Council of the International Disarmament Organ-
ization would transmit to the United Nations annual and other
reports on the activities of the International Disarmament Organ-
c. Principal organs of the United Nations could make recommenda-
tions to the International Disarmament Organization, which would
consider them and report to the United Nations on action taken.
NOTE: The above outline does not cover all the possible details
or aspects of relationships between the International Disarmament
Organization and the United Nations.
H. MEASURES TO STRENGTHEN ARRANGEMENTS
FOR KEEPING THE PEACE
1. Obligations Concerning the Threat or Use of Force.
The Parties to the Treaty would undertake obligations to refrain,
in their international relations, from the threat or use of force of
any type—including nuclear, conventional, chemical or biological
means of warfare—contrary to the purposes and principles of the
United Nations Charter.
2. Rules of International Conduct
a. The Parties to the Treaty would agree to support a study by a
subsidiary body of the International Disarmament Organization of
the codification and progressive development of rules of international
conduct related to disarmament.
b. The Parties to the Treaty would refrain from indirect aggression
and subversion. The subsidiary body provided for in subparagraph a
would also study methods of assuring states against indirect aggres-
sion or subversion.
3. Peaceful Settlement of Disputes
a. The Parties to the Treaty would utilize all appropriate processes
for the peaceful settlement of all disputes which might arise between
them and any other state, whether or not a Party to the Treaty,
including negotiation, inquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration,
judicial settlement, resort to regional agencies or arrangements,
submission to the Security Council or the General Assembly of the
United Nations, or other peaceful means of their choice.
b. The Parties to the Treaty would agree that disputes concerning
the interpretation or application of the Treaty which were not settled
by negotiation or by the International Disarmament Organization
would be subject to referral by any party to the dispute to the Inter-
national Court of Justice, unless the parties concerned agreed on
another mode of settlement.
c. The Parties to the Treaty would agree to support a. study under
the General Assembly of the United Nations of measures which
should be undertaken to make existing arrangements for the peaceful
settlement of international disputes, whether legal or political in
nature, more effective; and to institute new procedures and arrange-
ments where needed.
4. Maintenance of International Peace and Security
ening the structure, authority, and operation of the United Nations
so as to improve its capability to maintain international peace and
5. United Nations Peace Force
The Parties to the Treaty would undertake to develop arrange-
ments during Stage I for the establishment in Stage II of a United
Nations Peace Force. To this end, the Parties to the Treaty would
agree on the following measures within the United Nations;
a. Examination of the experience of the United Nations leading to
a further strengthening of United Nations forces for keeping the peace; 20